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Professeur de pétrologie et de thermodynamique, ENSG, INPL

Tel : (33) 3 83 59 42 12 ; Fax : (33) 3 83 51 17 98

e-mail Guy Libourel

2Recherche/Research Interests2

  • Experimental petrology, phase relationships at high temperature under controlled atmosphere
  • Cosmochemistry and formation of the primitive objects of the solar system (CAI and chondrules)
  • Anthropogenic materials (fly ashes, bottom ashes, slags and aerosols) and the fate of polluting elements
  • Long term durability of vitrified wastes : experiments and natural analogues (stained glass windows,archeological glasses and meteorites)


  • 1985 : Ph-D thesis at the Université Paul Sabatier de Toulouse : Petrogenesis of the lower crust in central Corsica. Advisor M. Durand-Delga
  • 1986 - 1988 : Post-doctoral fellow URA 10 Clermont-Ferrand (France)
  • 1989 - 1990 : Alexander von Humboldt fellow : Bayerisches Geoinstitut (D)
  • 1995 : Bronze medal award of the CNRS, section 11
  • 1997 : Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches
  • 2002 - Affiliated professor to the Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
  • 2004 - Chargé de mission to the Assistant Scientific Director, CNRS Department of Mathematics, Physics, Earth Sciences and Astronomy
  • Depuis 2013 à Nice



Soulié, C., Libourel, G., & Tissandier, L. (2017). Olivine dissolution in molten silicates: An experimental study with application to chondrule formation. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, , 1–26.


Marrocchi, Y., Chaussidon, M., Piani, L., & Libourel, G. (2016). Early scattering of the solar protoplanetary disk recorded in meteoritic chondrules. Science Advances, .
Piani, L., Marrocchi, Y., Libourel, G., & Tissandier, L. (2016). Magmatic sulfides in the porphyritic chondrules of EH enstatite chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 195, 84–99.


Villeneuve, J., Libourel, G., & Soulié, C. (2015). Relationships between type I and type II chondrules: Implications on chondrule formation processes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 160, 277–305.


Bouquain, S., Arndt, N. T., Faure, F., & Libourel, G. (2014). An experimental study of pyroxene crystallization during rapid cooling in a thermal gradient: application to komatiites. Solid Earth, 5, 641–650.


Füri, E., Aléon, J., Toppani, A., Marty, B., Libourel, G., & Zimmermann, L. (2013). Effects of atmospheric entry heating on the noble gas and nitrogen content of micrometeorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 377-378, 1–12.
Marrocchi, Y., & Libourel, G. (2013). Sulfur and sulfides in chondrules. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 119, 117–136.
Morlok, A., & Libourel, G. (2013). Aqueous alteration in CR chondrites: Meteorite parent body processes as analogue for long-term corrosion processes relevant for nuclear waste disposal. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 103, 76–103.


Faure, F., Tissandier, L., Libourel, G., Mathieu, R., & Welsch, B. (2012). Origin of glass inclusions hosted in magnesian porphyritic olivines chondrules: Deciphering planetesimal compositions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 319-320, 1–8.
Villeneuve, J., Chaussidon, M., & Libourel, G. (2012). Lack of relationship between 26Al ages of chondrules and their mineralogical and chemical compositions. Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, 344(9), 423–431.


Léger, A., Grasset, O., Fegley, B., Codron, F., Albarède, A. F., Barge, P., et al. (2011). The extreme physical properties of the CoRoT-7b super Earth. Icarus, 213, 1–11.
Libourel, G., & Chaussidon, M. (2011). Oxygen isotopic constraints on the origin of Mg-rich olivines from chondritic meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 301(1-2), 9–21.
Libourel, G., Verney-Carron, A., Morlok, A., Gin, S., Sterpenich, J., Michelin, A., et al. (2011). The use of natural and archeological analogues for understanding the long-term behavior of nuclear glasses. L'utilisation des analogues naturels et archéologiques pour la compréhension de l’évolution à long terme des verres nucléaires. Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, 343(2-3), 237–245.
Mathieu, R., Libourel, G., Deloule, E., Tissandier, L., Rapin, C., & Podor, R. (2011). Na2O solubility in CaO-MgO-SiO2 melts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(2), 608–628.
Villeneuve, J., Chaussidon, M., & Libourel, G. (2011). Magnesium isotopes constraints on the origin of Mg-rich olivines from the Allende chondrite: Nebular versus planetary? Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 301, 107–116.


Valle, N., Verney-Carron, A., Sterpenich, J., Libourel, G., Deloule, E., & Jollivet, P. (2010). Elemental and isotopic (Si-29 and O-18) tracing of glass alteration mechanisms. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(12), 3412–3431.
Verney-Carron, A., Gin, S., Frugier, P., & Libourel, G. (2010). Long-term modeling of alteration-transport coupling: Application to a fractured Roman glass. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(8), 2291–2315.
Verney-Carron, A., Gin, S., & Libourel, G. (2010). Archaeological analogs and the future of nuclear waste glass. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 406(3), 365–370.


Villeneuve, J., Chaussidon, M., & Libourel, G. (2009). Homogeneous distribution of 26Al in the solar system from the Mg isotopic composition of chondrules. Science, 325(5943), 985–988.


Chaussidon, M., Libourel, G., & Krot, A. N. (2008). Oxygen isotopic constraints on the origin of magnesian chondrules and on the gaseous reservoirs in the early Solar System. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72(7), 1924–1938.
Le Forestier, L., & Libourel, G. (2008). High temperature behavior of electrostatic precipitator ash from municipal solid waste combustors. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 154(1-3), 373–380.
Mathieu, R., Khedim, H., Libourel, G., Podor, R., Tissandier, L., Deloule, E., et al. (2008). Control of alkali-metal oxide activity in molten silicates. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 254(45-46), 5079–5083.
Verney-Carron, A., Gin, S., & Libourel, G. (2008). A fractured Roman glass block altered for 1800 years in seawater: Analogy with nuclear waste glass in a deep geological repository. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72(22), 5372–5385.


Krot, A. N., Yurimoto, H., Hutcheon, I. D., Libourel, G., Chaussidon, M., Tissandier, L., et al. (2007). Type C Ca, Al-rich inclusions from Allende: Evidence for multistage formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71, 4342–4364.
Libourel, G., & Krot, A. N. (2007). Evidence for the presence of planetesimal material among the precursors of magnesian chondrules of nebular origin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 254(1-2), 1–8.


Cloquet, C., Carignan, J., & Libourel, G. (2006). Atmospheric pollutant dispersion around an urban area using trace metal concentrations and Pb isotopic compositions in epiphytic lichens. Atmospheric Environment, 40(3), 574–587.
Cloquet, C., Carignan, J., & Libourel, G. (2006). Isotopic composition of Zn and Pb atmospheric depositions in an urban/periurban area of northeastern France. Environmental Science & Technology, 40(21), 6594–6600.
Cloquet, C., Carignan, J., Libourel, G., Sterckeman, T., & Perdrix, E. (2006). Tracing source pollution in soils using cadmium and lead isotopes. Environmental Science & Technology, 40, 2525–2530.
Faure, F., Arndt, N., & Libourel, G. (2006). Formation of spinifex texture in komatiites: an experimental study. Journal of Petrology, 47(8), 1591–1610.
Krot, A. N., Libourel, G., & Chaussidon, M. (2006). Oxygen isotope compositions of chondrules in CR chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 70(3), 767–779.
Krot, A. N., Yurimoto, H., McKeegan, K. D., Leshin, L., Jones, R. H., Chaussidon, M., et al. (2006). Oxygen isotopic compositions of chondrules: Implications for evolution of oxygen isotopic reservoirs in the inner solar nebula. Chemie der Erde, 66, 249–326.
Libourel, G., Krot, A. N., & Tissandier, L. (2006). Role of gas-melt interaction during chondrule formation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 251(3-4), 232–240.
Sterpenich, J., & Libourel, G. (2006). Water diffusion in silicate glasses under natural weathering conditions: evidence from buried medieval stained glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 352(3-4), 5446–5451.
Toppani, A., Libourel, G., Robert, F., & Ghanbaja, J. (2006). Laboratory condensation of refractory dust in protosolar and circumstellar conditions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 70(19), 5035–5060.


Carignan, J., Libourel, G., Cloquet, C., & Le Forestier, L. (2005). Lead isotopic composition of fly ash and flue gas residues from municipal solid waste combustors in France: implications for atmospheric lead source tracing. Environmental Science & Technology, 39, 2018–2024.
Cloquet, C., Rouxel, O., Carignan, J., & Libourel, G. (2005). Natural Cadmium isotopic variations in eight geological reference materials (NIST 2711, BCR 176, GSS 1, GXR-1, GXR-2, Nod-P-1, Nod-A-1) and anthropogenic samples, measured by MC-ICP-MS. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 29(1), 95–106.
Hewins, R. H., Connoly, H. C., Lofgren, G. E., & Libourel, G. (2005). Experimental constraints on chondrule formation. In E. R. D. S. B. R. A N Krot (Ed.), Chondrites and the Protoplanetary Disk (Vol. 341, pp. 286–317).
Krot, A. N., Hutcheon, I. D., Yurimoto, H., Cuzzi, J. N., McKeegan, K. D., Scott, E. R. D., et al. (2005). Evolution of oxygen isotopic composition in the inner solar nebula. Astrophysical Journal, 622(1), 1333–1342.
Toppani, A., Robert, F., Libourel, G., de Donato, P., Barres, O., D'Hendecourt, L., et al. (2005). A 'dry' condensation origin for circumstellar carbonates. Nature, 437(7062), 1121–1124.


Krot, A. N., Libourel, G., Goodrich, C., & Petaev, M. I. (2004). Silica-rich igneous rims around magnesian chondrules in CR carbonaceous chondrites: evidence for condensation origin from fractionated nebular gas. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 39(12), 1931–1955.


Barbey, P., & Libourel, G. (2003). Les relations de phases et leurs applications. Des sciences de la terre aux matériaux. CPI, GB Science Publisher, Paris 250 pp.
Leroux, H., Libourel, G., Lemelle, L., & Guyot, F. (2003). Experimental study and TEM characterization of dusty olivines in chrondites: evidence for formation by in-situ reduction. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 38(1), 81–94.
Libourel, G., Marty, B., & Humbert, F. (2003). Nitrogen solubility in basaltic melt. Part I. Effect of oxygen fugacity. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(21), 4123–4135.
Toppani, A., & Libourel, G. (2003). Factors controlling compositions of cosmic spinels: application to atmospheric entry conditions of meteoritic materials. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(23), 4621–4638.


Tissandier, L., Libourel, G., & Robert, F. (2002). Gas-melt interactions and their bearing on chondrule formation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 37(10), 1377–1389.


Lemelle, L., Guyot, F., Leroux, H., & Libourel, G. (2001). An experimental study of the external reduction of olivine single crystals. American Mineralogist, 86, 47–54.
Sterpenich, J., & Libourel, G. (2001). Using stained glass windows to understand the durability of toxic waste matrices. Chemical Geology, 174(1-3), 181–193.
Toppani, A., Libourel, G., Engrand, C., & Maurette, M. (2001). Experimental simulation of atmospheric entry of micrometeorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(10), 1377–1396.


Georges, P., Libourel, G., & Deloule, E. (2000). Experimental constraints on alkali condensation in chondrule formation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 35(6), 1183–1188.
Humbert, F., Libourel, G., France-Lanord, C., Zimmermann, L., & Marty, B. (2000). CO2-laser extraction-static mass spectrometry analysis of ultra-low concentrations of nitrogen in silicates. Geostandards Newsletter, 24(2), 255–260.


Libourel, G. (1999). Systematics of calcium partitioning between olivine and silicate melt : implications for melt structure and calcium content of magmatic olivines. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 136(1-2), 63–80.


Sterpenich, J., & Libourel, G. (1997). Les vitraux médiévaux : caractérisation physico-chimique de l'altération. Techne, 6, 70–78.


Lardeaux, J. M., Menot, R. P., Orsini, J. B., Rossi, P., Naud, G., & Libourel, G. (1994). Corsica and Sardinia in the Variscan Chain. In J. D. Keppie (Ed.), Pre-Mesozoic geology in France and related areas (pp. 467–479). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Libourel, G., Barbey, P., & Chaussidon, M. (1994). L'altération des vitraux. La Recherche, (262), 168–188.
Toplis, M. J., Dingwell, D. B., & Libourel, G. (1994). The effect of phosphorus on the iron redox ratio, viscosity, and density of an evolved ferro-basalt. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 117, 293–304.


Libourel, G., Geiger, C. A., Merwin, L., & Sebald, A. (1992). 29Si and 27Al MAS-NMR spectroscopy of glasses in the system CaSiO3- MgSiO3-Al2O3. Chemical Geology, 96, 387–397.


Shi, P., & Libourel, G. (1991). The effects of FeO on the system CMAS at low pressure and implications for basalt crystallization processes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 108, 129–145.


Teaching : Thermodynamics, petrology, glass and melts, waste management, field work

Thesis supervision :

  • Lydie Le Forestier (1996) : Résidus ultimes de l’incinération des déchets ménagers. Caractérisation chimique et minéralogique, essais de stabilisation par vitrification et comportement à long terme des verres à la lixiviation. (Co-direction W. Brown, CRPG)
  • Jérôme Sterpenich (1998) : Altération des vitraux médiévaux. Contribution à l’étude du comportement à long terme des verres de confinement.
  • Franck Humbert (1998) : Etude expérimentale de la solubilité de l’azote dans les liquides silicatés. (Co-direction : B. Marty, ENSG)
  • Peggy Georges (2000) : Volatilisation et condensation du potassium dans les silicates fondus : approche expérimentale et thermodynamique. Applications cosmochimique et sidérurgique. (Co-direction : E. Deloule, CRPG)
  • Nathalie Valle (2000) : Traçage isotopique (29Si et 18O) des mécanismes de l’altération du verre de confinement des déchets nucléaires : SON 68. (Co-direction : E. Deloule, CRPG)
  • Catherine Roumet-Maieron (2001) : Propriétés physico-chimiques et coloration de la pate de verre Daum. (Co-direction : Y. Dusausoy, UHP Nancy 1). Collaboration Cristallerie Daum - Sagem
  • Laurent Tissandier (2002) : Etude expérimentale des interactions gaz-liquide dans les systèmes silicatés : implications sur la formation des objets primitifs du système solaire. (Co-direction : F. Robert, MNHN)
  • Benoit Marcq (2003) : Etude cinétique et structurale de la réduction du fer et du nickel dans les silicates fondus. (Co-direction : L. Galoisy, G. Calas, Paris 7)
  • Alice Toppani (2004) : Condensation expérimentale de gaz silicatés : application à la formation des premiers minéraux du système solaire et des poussières interstellaires. (Co-direction : F. Robert, MNHN)
  • Christophe Cloquet (2005) : Géochimie élémentaire et isotopique des métaux lourds. Applications environnementales en tissus urbains et industriels. (Co-direction : J. Carignan, CRPG)
  • Sebastien Bouquain (2007) : Cristallochimie des pyroxènes des komatiites et des SNC. Implications sur le régime thermique du manteau Archéen et Martien. (Co-direction : N. Arndt, Grenoble)
  • Romain Mathieu (2008) : Condensation des alcalins dans les phases silicatées et métalliques fondues. (Co-direction : E. Deloule, CRPG)
  • Aurélie Verney-Carron (2008) : Des verres naturels et archéologiques pour valider les modèles de prévision du comportement à long terme des verres nucléaires. (Co-direction : S, Gin, CEA, Marcoule)
  • Johan Villeneuve (2009) : Composition isotopique de 26Al et du 60Fe des chondres des météorites primitives. (Co-direction : M. Chaussidon, CRPG)

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