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Pete

BURNARD

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Directeur de recherche CNRS

Tel : (33) 3 83 59 42 13 ; Fax : (33) 3 83 51 17 98

e-mail Pete BURNARD


Recherche/Research Interests

  • The role of volatiles - water or carbon dioxide - in geological processes
  • The use (and abuse) of noble gases in tracing fluid and heat sources in the Earth.
    • transfer of matter and energy from mantle to crust in hydrothermal circulation
  • Degassing of basaltic magmas
    • tracing volatile processes using relative noble gas abundances
  • behaviour (solubility, diffusivity) of noble gases at high temperatures and pressures
    • experimental and natural sample approaches
  • Fluid flow along faults, notably in the Sea of Marmara
    • mantle volatile advection to shallow levels
  • Interplay betwen volcanism and faulting in the Afar Rift
  • Technical improvements in noble gas mass analysis : multiple collector mass spectrometry, laser ablation

Sampling the erupting volcano Oldonyo Lengai in July 2005

CV

B.Sc. 1983-1987 University of London, U.K. Chemistry and Geology

Ph.D. 1987-1990 University of Manchester, U.K. Thesis title : The nature, origin and regional implications of the Nampundwe Ores, southern Zambia

Post-doctoral research associate 1991-1998, University of Manchester, U.K.

Post-doctoral fellow 1998-2001, California Institute of Technology, USA

Research Scientist 2001-2002, University of California, Los Angeles, USA

Research Scientist, 2002 - present, CRPG-CNRS

Publications

2016

Caracausi, A., Avice, G., Burnard, P., Füri, E., & Marty, B. (2016). Chondritic xenon in the Earth’s mantle. Nature, (533), 82–85.
Medynski, S., Pik, R., Burnard, P., Dumont, S., Grandin, R., Williams, A., et al. (2016). Magmatic cycles pace tectonic and morphological expression of rifting (Afar depression, Ethiopia). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 446, 77–88.
Rossi, M., Gasquet, D., Cheilletz, A., Tarrieu, L., Bounajma, H., Mantoy, T., et al. (2016). Isotopic and geochemical constraints on lead and fluid sources of the Pb-Zn-Ag mineralization in the polymetallic Tighza-Jbel Aouam district (central Morocco), and relationships with the geodynamic context. Journal of African Earth Sciences, .

2015

Blard, P. H., Balco, G., Burnard, P. G., Farley, K., Fenton, C. R., Friedrich, R., et al. (2015). An inter-laboratory comparison of cosmogenic 3 He and radiogenic 4 He in the CRONUS-P pyroxene standard. Quaternary Geochronology, 26, 11–19.
Burnard, P. G., Demouchy, S., Delon, R., Arnaud, N. O., Marrocchi, Y., Cordier, P., et al. (2015). The role of grain boundaries in the storage and transport of noble gases in the mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430, 260–270.
Medynski, S., Pik, R., Burnard, P., Vye-Brown, C., France, L., Schimmelpfennig, I., et al. (2015). Stability of rift axis magma reservoirs: Spatial and temporal evolution of magma supply in the Dabbahu rift segment (Afar, Ethiopia) over the past 30 kyr. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 409, 278–289.
Mollex, G., France, L., Burnard, P., & Boudoire, G. (2015). Genesis and evolution of highly alkaline magmas at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. In REE mineralizations associated to Late- to Post-Grenvillian Orogeny peraluminous pegmatites, Québec. Proceeding of the 13th Biennial SGA Meeting, 24-27 August 2015, Nancy, France.
Zimmermann, L., Füri, E., & Burnard, P. (2015). Purification des gaz rares sous ultravide – Méthodes de purification. Techniques de l'Ingénieur, J6 635.

2014

Burnard, P., Reisberg, L., & Colin, A. (2014). An observed link between lithophile compositions and degassing of volatiles (He, Ar, CO2) in MORBs with implications for Revolatility and the mantle C/Nb ratio. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 395, 159–167.

2013

Burnard, P., Zimmermann, L., & Sano, Y. (2013). The noble gases as geochemical tracers. History and background. In The noble gases as geochemical tracers (pp. 1–15). Advances in Isotope Geochemsitry. Burnard, P.
Colin, A., Burnard, P., & Marty, B. (2013). Mechanisms of magma degassing at mid-oceanic ridges and the local volatile composition (4He–40Ar n–CO2) of the mantle by laser ablation analysis of individual MORB vesicles. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 361, 183–194.
Kendrick, M. A., Arculus, R., Burnard, P., & Honda, M. (2013). Quantifying brine assimilation by submarine magmas: Examples from the Galapagos Spreading Centre and Lau Basin. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 123, 150–165.
Mabry, J., Lan, T., Burnard, P., & Marty, B. (2013). High-precision helium isotope measurements in air. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 28, 1903.
Medynski, S., Pik, R., Burnard, P., Williams, A., Vye-Brown, C., Ferguson, D., et al. (2013). Controls on magmatic cycles and development of rift topography of the Manda Hararo segment (Afar, Ethiopia):Insights from cosmogenic 3He investigation of landscape evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 367, 133–145.
Sano, Y., Marty, B., & Burnard, P. (2013). Noble gases in the atmosphere. In The noble gases as geochemical tracers (pp. 17–31).

2012

Burnard, P. (2012). The noble gases as geochemical tracers. (Burnard, P. ed.).
Burnard, P., Bourlange, S., Henry, P., Geli, L., Tryon, M. D., Natal'in, B., et al. (2012). Constraints on fluid origins and migration velocities along the Marmara Main Fault (SeaofMarmara,Turkey )using helium isotopes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 341-344, 68–78.
Colin, A., Faure, F., & Burnard, P. (2012). Timescales of convection in magma chambers below the Mid-Atlantic ridge from melt inclusions investigations. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 164, 677–691.
Kendrick, M. A., & Burnard, P. (2012). Noble gases and halogens in fluid inclusions: A journey through the Earth's crust. In The noble gases as geochemical tracers (pp. 319–369).
Mabry, J., Burnard, P., Blard, P. H., & Zimmermann, L. (2012). Mapping changes in helium sensitivity and peak shape for varying parameters of a Nier-type noble gas ion source. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 27, 1012–1017.
Zimmermann, L., Blard, P. H., Burnard, P., Medynski, S., Pik, R., & Puchol, N. (2012). A New Single Vacuum Furnace Design for Cosmogenic 3He Dating. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, , 1–9.

2011

Colin, A., Burnard, P. G., Graham, D. W., & Marrocchi, Y. (2011). Plume-ridge interaction along the Galapagos Spreading Center: discerning between gas loss and source effects using neon isotopic compositions and 4He-40Ar*-CO2 relative abundances. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(4), 1145–1160.
Schimmelpfennig, I., Benedetti, L., Garreta, V., Pik, R., Blard, P. H., Burnard, P. G., et al. (2011). Calibration of cosmogenic 36Cl production rates by spallation of Ca and K on in lava flows samples from Mt. Etna ( 38°N, Italy) and Payun Matru (36°S, Argentina). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(10), 2611–2632.
Schimmelpfennig, I., Williams, A., Pik, R., Burnard, P., Niedermann, S., Finkel, R., et al. (2011). Inter-comparison of cosmogenic in-situ 3He, 21Ne and 36Cl at low latitude along an altitude transect on the SE slope of Kilimanjaro volcano (3°S, Tanzania). Quaternary Geochronology, 6(5), 425–436.

2010

Burnard, P. G., Toplis, M. J., & Medynski, S. (2010). Low solubility of He and Ar in carbonatitic liquids: Implications for decoupling noble gas and lithophile isotope systems. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(5), 1672–1683.
Marty, B., Zimmermann, L., Burnard, P., Wieler, R., Heber, V. S., Burnett, D. L., et al. (2010). Nitrogen isotopes in the recent solar wind from the analysis of Genesis targets: Evidence for large scale isotope heterogeneity in the early solar system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74, 340–355.
Tryon, M. D., Henry, P., Çağatay, M. N., Zitter, T. A. C., Géli, L., Gaspérini, L., et al. (2010). Pore fluid chemistry of the North Anatolian Fault Zone in the Sea of Marmara: A diversity of sources and processes. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems G3, 11, 1–22.

2009

Fischer, T. P., Burnard, P., Marty, B., Hilton, D. R., Füri, E., Palhol, F., et al. (2009). Upper-mantle volatile chemistry at Oldoinyo Lengai volcano and the origin of carbonatites. Nature, 459(7243), 77–80.
Hu, R. Z., Burnard, P. G., Bi, X. W., Zhou, M. F., Peng, J. T., Su, W. C., et al. (2009). Mantle-derived gaseous components in ore-forming fluids of the Xiangshan uranium deposit, Jiangxi province, China: Evidence from He, Ar and C isotopes. Chemical Geology, 266(1-2), 86–95.
Marrocchi, Y., Burnard, P., Hamilton, D., Colin, A., Pujol, M., Zimmermann, L., et al. (2009). Neon isotopic measurements using high-resolution, multicollector noble gas mass spectrometer: HELIX-MC. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems G3, 10(4), 1–8.
Pujol, M., Marty, B., Burnard, P., & Philippot, P. (2009). Xenon in Archean barite: Weak decay of 130Ba, mass-dependent isotopic fractionation and implication for barite formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(22), 6834–6846.
Schimmelpfennig, I., Benedetti, L., Finkel, R., Pik, R., Blard, P. H., Bourles, D., et al. (2009). Sources of in-situ Cl-36 in basaltic rocks. Implications for calibration of production rates. Quaternary Geochronology, 4(6), 441–461.
Yokochi, R., Marty, B., Chazot, G., & Burnard, P. (2009). Nitrogen in peridotite xenoliths: Lithophile behavior and magmatic isotope fractionation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73, 4843–4861.
Zimmermann, L., Burnard, P., Marty, B., & Gaboriaud, F. (2009). Laser Ablation (193 nm), Purification and Determination of Very Low Concentrations of Solar Wind Nitrogen Implanted in Targets from the GENESIS Spacecraft. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 33(2), 183–194.

2008

Geli, L., Henry, P., Zitter, T., Dupre, S., Tryon, M., Cagatay, M. N., et al. (2008). Gas emissions and active tectonics within the submerged section of the North Anatolian Fault zone in the Sea of Marmara. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 274(1-2), 34–39.
Marty, B., Palma, R., Pepin, R. O., Zimmermann, L., Schlutter, D., Burnard, P., et al. (2008). Helium and neon abundances and compositions in cometary matter. Science, 319(5859), 75–78.

2007

Dunai, T. J., Stuart, F. M., Pik, R., Burnard, P., & Gayer, E. (2007). Production of 3He in crustal rocks by cosmogenic thermal neutrons. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 258(1-2), 228–236.

2005

Burnard, P., & Harrison, D. (2005). Argon isotope constraints on modification of oxygen isotopes in Iceland Basalts by superficial processes. Chemical Geology, 216(1-2), 143–156.
Yamamoto, J., & Burnard, P. (2005). Solubility controlled noble gas fractionation during magmatic degassing: implications for noble gas compositions of primary melts of OIB and MORB. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69(3), 727–734.
Yokochi, R., Marty, B., Pik, R., & Burnard, P. (2005). High 3He/4He ratios in peridotite xenoliths from SW Japan revisited: evidence for cosmogenic 3He released by vacuum crushing. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems G3, 6(1), 1–12.

2004

Burnard, P. (2004). Diffusive fractionation of noble gases and helium isotopes during mantle melting. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 220(3-4), 287–295.
Burnard, P., & Polya, D. (2004). Importance of mantle derived fluids during granite associated hydrothermal circulation: He and Ar isotopes of ore minerals from Panasqueira. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68(7), 1607–1615.
Burnard, P., Graham, D., & Farley, K. (2004). Fractionation of noble gases (He, Ar) during MORB mantle melting: a case study on the Southeast Indian Ridge. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 227(3-4), 457–472.
Hu, R. Z., Burnard, P. G., Bi, X. W., Zhou, M. F., Pen, J. T., Su, W. C., et al. (2004). Helium and argon isotope geochemistry of alkaline intrusion-associated gold and copper deposits along the Red River-Jinshajiang fault belt, SW China. Chemical Geology, 203(3-4), 305–317.

2002

Burnard, P. G., Graham, D. W., & Farley, K. A. (2002). Mechanisms of magmatic gas loss along the Southeast Indian Ridge and the Amsterdam-St Paul Plateau. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 203, 131–148.
Burnard, P. G., Harrison, D., Turner, G., & Nesbitt, R. (2002). Degassing and contamination of noble gases in Mid-Atlantic Ridge basalts. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems G3, (4).
Harrison, D., Burnard, P. G., Trieloff, M., & Turner, G. (2002). Resolving atmospheric contaminats in mantle noble gas analyses. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems G3, (4), 2002GC00325.

Enseignement/Teaching

Supervision de thèses/Thesis supervision

  • Darrell Harrison (1999) The nature and origin of noble gases from the Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland (Manchester University ; G. Turner, co-director)
  • Aurélia Colin (2010) Contraintes sur les processus de dégazage des dorsales océaniques par la géochimie des volatils et la pétrologie des laves basaltiques Co-direction : Bernard Marty
  • Sarah Medynski (2013) Interactions entre phénomènes tectoniques et magmatiques en contexte extensif : l’exemple du segment de rift de Dabbahu (Afar, Ethiopie) Co-direction : Raphael Pik